“Good work against heavy odds”: Thoughts on the Pony Express

[Credit: The Library of Congress]

On January 24, 1848, a carpenter named James W. Marshall looked down and saw gold flakes in a stream of water on land owned by John Sutter in Caloma, California.

It could be argued that Marshall set off a butterfly effect that led to California becoming the largest economic giant in the U.S., one so large that if California were an independent nation, it would…




Writer, cyclist, often at the same time.

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Mike Platania

Mike Platania

Writer, cyclist, often at the same time.

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